Candide and other stories

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English
Lexile measure:
1010L
Description
"CANDIDE, OU L'OPTIMISME" is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism (or simply "optimism") by his mentor, Professor Pangloss. The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow, painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best" in the "best of all possible worlds." Candide is characterised by its sarcastic tone as well as by its erratic, fantastical and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel with a story similar to that of a more serious Bildungs¬roman, it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact. Still, the events discussed are often based on historical happenings, such as the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism. As expected by Voltaire, Candide has enjoyed both great success and great scandal. Immediately after its secretive publication, the book was widely banned because it contained religious blasphemy, political sedition and intellectual hostility hidden under a thin veil of naïveté. However, with its sharp wit and insightful portrayal of the human condition, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it. Today, Candide is recognized as Voltaire's magnum opus and is often listed as part of the Western canon; it is among the most frequently taught works of French literature. The British poet and literary critic Martin Seymour-Smith listed Candide as one of the 100 most influential books ever written.
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ISBN:
9781982495947
9781596596719
9781449872694
9789176371077
9781400111084
9780486117638
9781682281383
9781400191086
9781420963816
9781420937381
Lexile measure:
1010L
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Grouped Work ID30c60902-12c5-1907-4cda-f6d06e7e4e85
Grouping Titlecandide
Grouping Authorvoltaire
Grouping Categorybook
Grouping LanguageEnglish (eng)
Last Grouping Update2020-11-29 04:58:48AM
Last Indexed2020-11-29 05:13:41AM
Novelist Primary ISBNnone

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accelerated_reader_point_value0
accelerated_reader_reading_level0
auth_author2Davenport, Jack, 1973-
Donelly, Donal.
Hagen, Don,
Pearson, Roger.
Voltaire, 1694-1778.
Whitworth, Tom.
authorVoltaire, 1694-1778.
author2-roleDavenport, Jack,1973-|Narrator
Donelly, Donal.|Narrator
Hagen, Don,narrator.
Pearson, Roger.
Tantor Media.
Voltaire,1694-1778.Candide.
Whitworth, Tom.
Whitworth, Tom.|Narrator
hoopla digital.
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BiblioBoard
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display_description"CANDIDE, OU L'OPTIMISME" is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism (or simply "optimism") by his mentor, Professor Pangloss. The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow, painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best" in the "best of all possible worlds." Candide is characterised by its sarcastic tone as well as by its erratic, fantastical and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel with a story similar to that of a more serious Bildungs¬roman, it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact. Still, the events discussed are often based on historical happenings, such as the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism. As expected by Voltaire, Candide has enjoyed both great success and great scandal. Immediately after its secretive publication, the book was widely banned because it contained religious blasphemy, political sedition and intellectual hostility hidden under a thin veil of naïveté. However, with its sharp wit and insightful portrayal of the human condition, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it. Today, Candide is recognized as Voltaire's magnum opus and is often listed as part of the Western canon; it is among the most frequently taught works of French literature. The British poet and literary critic Martin Seymour-Smith listed Candide as one of the 100 most influential books ever written.
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seriesFirst Avenue Classics
Recorded Books classics library
Tantor unabridged classics
series_with_volumeRecorded Books classics library|
Tantor unabridged classics|
subject_facetAudiobooks -- Unabridged
Electronic books
Enlightenment -- 18th century -- Fiction
Fiction
Fiction / Classics
French fiction -- Translations into English
Great Britain -- Civilization -- 18th century
Great Britain -- Civilization -- 18th century -- Fiction
Historical fiction
Imaginary letters
Inquisition -- Fiction
Life -- Fiction
Optimism -- Fiction
Optimism -- Philosophy -- Fiction
Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century
Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century -- Fiction
Political satire
Satire
Satire, French -- Early works to 1800
Voltaire, -- 1694-1778 -- Translations into English
title_displayCandide and other stories
title_fullCandide
Candide Voltaire
Candide [CD sound recording] / Voltaire
Candide [electronic resource] / Francois de Voltaire
Candide [electronic resource] / Voltaire
Candide [electronic resource] Voltaire, 1694-1778.
Candide and other stories [electronic resource] Voltaire, 1694-1778.
title_shortCandide and other stories
topic_facetCivilization
Classic Literature
Drama
Electronic books
Enlightenment
Fiction
Fiction / Classics
French fiction
Humor (Fiction)
Imaginary letters
Inquisition
Life
Literature
Optimism
Philosophy
Philosophy, Modern
Political satire
Satire
Satire, French
Voltaire